Eastern Hemlock

All About Eastern Hemlock:

Scientific Nomenclature: Tsuga canadensis

Common Names: Eastern hemlock, Canadian hemlock, spruce pine

Mature Height: 40–70 feet

Mature Spread: 25–35 feet

Growth Rate: Moderate 

Attracts Wildlife: Birds and mammals

Messiness: Cones reach maturity in autumn and drop from the tree then.

Shape: Pyramidal

Native to Kentucky: Yes

Preferred Soils: Prefers moist, well-drained acidic (<6.0pH) soils. Is tolerant of clay, loam or sand.

Screening: Can endure being pruned into a privacy hedge but it is not recommended as its natural form is far better looking. Has a cultivar/variety named ‘Jeddeloh’ that is a naturally shrubby form that is better suited as a screening plant.

Drought Tolerance: Does not tolerate drought, prefers areas with slightly cooler summers.

Coniferous or Deciduous: Coniferous

Pruning: Can endure pruning but it is entirely unnecessary as this tree is best left unpruned as an ornamental tree.

Climate Quick Facts:

Following being planted as a sapling, over 20 years one Eastern hemlock will:

  • Sequester ~237 pounds of CO2.
  • Reduce stormwater runoff by 42 gallons.